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Jainism

Jainism is an Indian religion that practices nonviolence towards all living beings. There are five principles that individuals of this religion must follow: nonviolence, truth, non-stealing, celibacy, and non-possession.

Nonviolence, or "ahimsa," is usually interpreted as not killing, but it can also include not harming others, directly or indirectly. Thoughts of hurting others are strictly prohibited and words of hare are not allowed to be spoken. The views of others must be respected.

Truthfulness, or "satya," is the notion that one must always be truthful. However, if being truthful would result in violence, the ethical thing to do in such a situation would be to remain silent.

Non-stealing, or "asteya," means that an individual must possess only their own possessions. The desire for another's is strictly prohibited. An individual should be satisfied by what they have earned through their own work.

Celibacy is abstinence from sex, which is only applicable to monks. Householders are allowed to practice monogamy.

Non-possession is the rejection of personal property and wealth that occurs before entering into the monastic ways. It is necessary to detach oneself from such things in order to reach the ultimate enlightenment. For householders, non-possession is owning without attachment, because possession is merely a human activity.

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